Interior design elements and principles examples
Interior design is based upon specific principles and elements. The principles, also known as fundamentals, are scale, proportion, rhythm, emphasis, balance, and harmony. These principles evaluate each element in a design (magnificent vs. mediocre, right vs. wrong) and are to be kept in mind when making a selection or arranging furnishing.
Scale involves the entire perspective: the objective with scale is for objects to be alike, harmonious in dimensions, or mass.
Proportion evaluates the relationship of parts to the whole.
Rhythm speaks to the flow within a room and throughout the home and emphasis is the important focal point(s) in a room, such as a fireplace or a media cabinet.
Balance is equilibrium through symmetry (mirror images from a center point), asymmetry (optically varying items from a central point to achieve balance), or radial (equilibrium based on the circle). A bathroom (see picture) can be symmetrical with two sinks, two mirrors, two towel racks, and a modern glass partition that frames it all together. Even the cabinetry is symmetrical and it appears that on either side are closets and benches mirroring the sink area. This bathroom feels formal and stoic.
Harmony is creating a feeling of suitability through unifying elements and objects and adding variety for interest and diversity. The objective is to create an agreeable, appealing whole that will not tire in the long run.
The elements are identified as space, shape, form, mass, line, texture, pattern, light and color, which are used by artisans off all types. An example of complementary color is when designing a dining room, to create a blue-green wall and match it with red-orange chairs, which are complimentary colors. The two colored elements will stand out against neutral wood tones for example, or from black floor and white table and lampshades.
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